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Processing Aids And Additives

Benzyl Chloride compound

CAS#: 100-44-7
Chemical Name: Benzyl Chloride

Chemical Synonyms: a-chlorotoluene; chloromethylbenzene; tolyl chloride (ChemIDplus 2014)

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Plasticizers, Processing Aids and Additives
Hydraulic fracturing fluid additive; Benzyl chloride is a clear, colorless liquid that is used primarily as a chemical intermediate in the manufacture of dyes, plasticizers, lubricants, gasoline additives, pharmaceuticals, tanning agents, and quaternary ammonium compounds. Also used as an irritant gas in chemical warfare (HSDB 2005) and in the manufacture of photographic developer (HSDB 2005)

Propargyl Alcohol compound

CAS#: 107-19-7
Chemical Name: Propargyl Alcohol

Chemical Synonyms: 2-Propyn-1-ol

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Processing Aids and Additives, Solvents
Hydraulic fracturing fluid additive;
1. Propargyl alcohol is used as a reactant/chemical intermediate for pharmaceutical and agricultural chemicals, soil fumigant, corrosion inhibitor, solvent stabilizer, and polymer modifier. It has also been used to prevent the hydrogen embrittlement of steel (NTP, 2008).
2. Fracking fluids

Diethanolamine compound

CAS#: 111-42-2
Chemical Name: Diethanolamine

Chemical Synonyms: 2,2'-Iminobisethanol; Diethanolamine [NF]; 2,2'-Dihydroxydiethylamine; 2,2'-Iminobisethanol; 2,2'-Iminodi-1-ethanol; 2,2'-Iminodiethanol; 2-(2-Hydroxyethylamino)ethanol; Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; DEA; Di(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; Di(beta-hydroxyethyl)amine; Diaethanolamin [German]; Diethanolamin [Czech]; Diethylamine, 2,2'-dihydroxy-; Diethylolamine; Diolamine; Diolamine (VAN); EINECS 203-868-0; Iminodiethanol; N,N'-Iminodiethanol; N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; N,N-Di(hydroxyethyl)amine; N,N-Diethanolamine; 2,2'-Iminobisethanol; 2,2'-Iminodiethanol; Ethanol, 2,2'-iminobis-; Ethanol, 2,2'-iminodi- (ChemIDplus 2014)

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Lubricants, Processing Aids and Additives
Hydraulic fracturing fluid additive; Diethanolamine is a chemical that functions as a component in the production of lubricants for the textile industry, as a rubber chemicals intermediate, as a humectant and softening agent, as an emulsifier and dispersing agent in agricultural chemicals, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals, as an ingredient in cutting oils, cleaners, polishers, and shampoos, as a gas conditioning agent, and as a chemical intermediate for morpholine, fatty acid salt emulsifiers, and alkyl sulfate salt emulsifiers.

Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether compound

CAS#: 111-76-2
Chemical Name: Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether

Chemical Synonyms: EGBE; 2-butoxyethanol; ethylene glycol mono-n-butyl ether; 2-butoxyethanol; n-butoxyethanol; butyl cellosolve

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Processing Aids and Additives, Solvents
Hydraulic fracturing fluid additive; Solvent in various applications, such as in surface coatings, lacquers, enamels, varnishes, varnish removers, latex paint, metal cleaners, and other commercially available cleaning products (EPA, 2010).

CAS#: 128446-60-6
Chemical Name: Silsesquioxanes, 3-Amino Me, Ethoxy-terminated

Chemical Synonyms: None

Primary Applications: Processing Aids and Additives
Silsesquioxane compounds have been used in transition metal catalyst systems. Limited information is available for silsesquioxanes, 3-amino Me, ethoxy-terminated. However, it is a component of numerous silicone sealants.

Cuprous Oxide compound

CAS#: 1317-39-1
Chemical Name: Cuprous Oxide

Chemical Synonyms: Brown copper oxide; copper hemioxide; copper sandoz; dicopper monoxide; Perecot (ChemIDplus 2014)

Primary Applications: Biocides or Fungicides, Processing Aids and Additives
Cuprous oxide is a chemical that functions as the active ingredient in antifouling paints for marine use. Additionally, it is used as a fungicide and a catalyst (HSDB 2003).

Quartz compound

CAS#: 14808-60-7
Chemical Name: Quartz

Chemical Synonyms: Agate; Amethyst; CCRIS 2475; Chalcedony; Cherts; Crystallized silicon dioxide; D & D; DQ12; EINECS 238-878-4; Flint; Flintshot; Gold bond R; Imsil; MIN-U-sil alpha quartz; Min-U-Sil; Novaculite; Onyx; Quartz; Quartz dust; Quartz silica; Quazo puro; Quazo puro [Italian]; Rock crystal; Rose quartz; SF 35; Sand; Sicron F 300; Siderite (SiO2); Sikron F 100; Sil-Co-Sil; Silica dust; Silica flour (powdered crystalline silica; Silicon oxide; di- (sand); Silver bond B; Snowit; TGL 16319; Tiger-eye; W 12; W 12 (Filler); alpha-Quartz

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Processing Aids and Additives
Quartz is a chemical that has many uses, including in glass manufacturing, ceramics, foundry, abrasives, hydraulic fracturing, furnaces, fillers, paints, and filtration.

2-Butanone, 2,2’,2’’-(O,O’,O’’-(ethenylsilylidyne)trioxime) compound

CAS#: 2224-33-1
Chemical Name: 2-Butanone, 2,2’,2’’-(O,O’,O’’-(ethenylsilylidyne)trioxime)

Chemical Synonyms: 2-Butanone, O,O’,O’’-(ethenylsilylidyne)trioxime; Butan-2-one O,O’,O’’-(vinylsilylidyne)trioxime (ChemIDplus 2014)

Primary Applications: Processing Aids and Additives
2-Butanone, 2,2’,2’’-(O,O’,O’’-(ethenylsilylidyne)trioxime) is a chemical that is used as a crosslinking agent in room temperature vulcanizing silicone adhesive sealant.

Vinyltrimethoxysilane compound

CAS#: 2768-02-7
Chemical Name: Vinyltrimethoxysilane

Chemical Synonyms: (Trimethoxysilyl)ethane; Trimethoxyvinylsilane; Ethenyltrimethoxysilane; Silane, ethenyltrimethoxy-; Vinyl trimethoxy silane; Silane, trimethoxyvinyl- (ChemIDplus 2014)

Primary Applications: Processing Aids and Additives
Vinyltrimethoxysilane is a chemical that functions as a chemical intermediate, cross linking agent, and adhesion promoter in coatings.

Diisopropoxytitanium Bis(ethylacetoacetate) compound

CAS#: 27858-32-8
Chemical Name: Diisopropoxytitanium Bis(ethylacetoacetate)

Chemical Synonyms: Titanium, bis(ethyl 3-(oxo-kappaO)butanoato-kappaO')bis(2-propanolato)-; Diisopropoxydi(ethoxyacetoacetyl)titanate; Bis(ethyl acetoacetato-O1',O3)bis(propan 2-olato)titanium; Titanium, bis(ethyl 3-(oxo-kappaO)butanoato-kappaO')bis(2-propanolato)-; Titanium, bis(ethyl 3-oxobutanoato-O1',O3)bis(2-propanolato)- (ChemIDplus 2014)

Primary Applications: Processing Aids and Additives
Diisopropoxytitanium bis(ethylacetoacetate) is a chemical that is used as a catalyst and coupling agent in adhesives, sealants, inks, fillers, and flame retardants.

Lactide compound

CAS#: 4511-42-6
Chemical Name: Lactide

Chemical Synonyms: 615-95-2; AI3-05059; 3,6-Dimethyl-1,4-dioxane-2,5-dione; 3,6-Dimethyl-2,5-dioxo-1,4-dioxane; EINECS 202-468-3; Lactic acid, bimol. cyclic ester; Lactide; NSC 403080; Propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, bimol. cyclic ester; UNII-7EH08MWO6M (ExPub 2013)

Primary Applications: Processing Aids and Additives
Lactide is a chemical that functions as a pH regulator in food, a swelling agent in bakery products, a bacteriostat in meat emulsions, a reagent for chemical reactions that do not produce water molecules, a destabilizer for production of porous ceramics, and an electrolyte in lithium batteries.

Formaldehyde compound

CAS#: 50-00-0
Chemical Name: Formaldehyde

Chemical Synonyms: EINECS 200-001-8; Formalin; Formalith; Formic aldehyde; Formol; Methaldehyde; Methanal; Methyl aldehyde; Methylene oxide; Oxomethane; Oxymethylene; Paraform, UN1198, UN2209 (ChemIDplus 2014)

Primary Applications: Biocides or Fungicides, Hydraulic Fracturing, Processing Aids and Additives
Formaldehyde is a chemical that functions as a fixative of biological specimens and as an embalming fluid; as a germicide and chemical intermediate; in the production of amino, polyacetal, urea-formaldehyde resins, and phenolic resins, plastics, wood products, fertilizers, and foam insulation; as a textile finish, stabilizer, preservative, disinfectant, and antibacterial food additive; as a reducing agent for the recovery of gold and silver, corrosion inhibitor in oil wells, durable-press treatment of textile fabrics, industrial sterilant, and treatment of grain smut; as a cross-linking agent for paper waterproofing, nickel-plating brightening agent, latex coagulant, crease-proof textile finishing agent, and photographic gelatin hardening agent; and in the manufacturing of particle board, plywood, and medium-density fiber board.

Lactic Acid compound

CAS#: 50-21-5
Chemical Name: Lactic Acid

Chemical Synonyms: 2-Hydroxypropanoic acid; 2-Hydroxypropionic acid; DL-Lactic acid; Lactic acid [USP:JAN]; Lactic acid, dl-; Propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-; (+-)-2-Hydroxypropanoic acid; (RS)-2-Hydroxypropionsaeure; 1-Hydroxyethanecarboxylic acid; 2-Hydroxypropanoic acid; 2-Hydroxypropionic acid; EINECS 200-018-0; EINECS 209-954-4; Ethylidenelactic acid; Lactate; Lactic acid (natural); Lactic acid USP; Milk acid; Ordinary lactic acid; Propionic acid, 2-hydroxy-; Racemic lactic acid

Primary Applications: Processing Aids and Additives, Solvents
Lactic acid is a chemical that functions as an acidulant in food, beverage and bakery products; it is used in the textile and leather industries as a mordant in printing woolen goods, a solvent for waterinsoluble dyes, and to reduce chromates in mordanting wool, and dehairing, plumping, and
decalcifying hides, and in the chemical industry for various purposes.

Glucose compound

CAS#: 50-99-7
Chemical Name: Glucose

Chemical Synonyms: D-Glucose, anhydrous; Dextrose [USAN]; Glucose [JAN]; alpha-D-Glucopyranose; Corn sugar; Dextrose; Cartose; Cerelose; Grape sugar; Dextrosol

Primary Applications: Processing Aids and Additives
Glucose is a chemical that functions as a food component and additive, a nutrient replenisher in pharmaceuticals and a fluid replenisher.

Tetrahydro-3,5-dimethyl-1,3,5-thiadiazine-2-thione compound

CAS#: 533-74-4
Chemical Name: Tetrahydro-3,5-dimethyl-1,3,5-thiadiazine-2-thione

Chemical Synonyms: Dazomet; Dithiocarbamate; Mylone

Primary Applications: Adhesives, Biocides or Fungicides, Hydraulic Fracturing, Processing Aids and Additives
Hydraulic fracturing fluid additive; Wood preservative; Dazomet functions as an algaecide, bacteriostat, fungicide, microbiocide, and mildewcide. Specific applications include “1) treatment during the production of pulp and paper; 2) as a material preservative treatment for coatings, adhesives, epoxy flooring compounds, slurries, and high viscous suspensions; 3) as a biocide treatment used during petroleum operations; 4) as a biocide treatment to recirculating cooling water systems; and 5) as a remedial wood treatment to utility poles (EPA, 2008).”

Propylene glycol compound

CAS#: 57-55-6
Chemical Name: Propylene glycol

Chemical Synonyms: 1,2-Propanediol, 2,3-Propanediol, 2-Hydroxypropanol, Methylethylene glycol (ChemIDplus 2014)

Primary Applications: Processing Aids and Additives, Solvents
Propylene glycol is a chemical that functions as a solvent, extractant, preservative, plasticizer, skin conditioning agent, viscosity-decreasing agent, humectant, and in polymer production.

Ethanol compound

CAS#: 64-17-5
Chemical Name: Ethanol

Chemical Synonyms: Ethyl alcohol; Alcohol; EtOH

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Processing Aids and Additives, Solvents
Hydraulic fracturing fluid additive

Acetic Acid compound

CAS#: 64-19-7
Chemical Name: Acetic Acid

Chemical Synonyms: Acetic acid, glacial; Acetic acid, glacial [USP:JAN]; Ethanoic acid

Primary Applications: Processing Aids and Additives
Acetic acid is a chemical that functions as an acidifier in food and pharmaceutical industries, and has been used in commercial organic synthesis, pesticides, as well as in a variety of other applications.

Distillates, Petroleum, Hydrotreated Light compound

CAS#: 64742-47-8
Chemical Name: Distillates, Petroleum, Hydrotreated Light

Chemical Synonyms: Hydrotreated kerosene; Hydrotreated light distillates (petroleum); Turbo fuel A; Distillates (petroleum), hydrotreated light; Distillate fuel oils, light; Hydrotreated light distillate

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Lubricants, Processing Aids and Additives
Chemical intermediate Fuel Lubricant Coating Cleaning agent Metal working fluid Release agent Friction reducer in hydraulic fracturing fluids (ECHA 2014, Inglewood Oil Field 2012)

CAS#: 68424-85-1
Chemical Name: Alkyl (C12-16) Dimethylbenzylammonium Chloride

Chemical Synonyms: Quaternary ammonium compounds, benzyl-C12-16-alkyldimethyl, chlorides

Primary Applications: Biocides or Fungicides, Hydraulic Fracturing, Processing Aids and Additives
Hydraulic fracturing fluid additive; ADBAC a registered pesticide with the U.S. EPA. Uses include algaecide, bactericide, bacteriostat, wood preservative, fungicide, fungistat, virucide, tuberculoside, insecticide, microbiocide, microbiostat, molluscicide, deodorant, disinfectant, and sanitizer in agricultural, food handling, commercial / institutional / industrial, residential and public access, and medical settings (EPA, 2006a).

Coconut Oil Acid/Diethanolamine Condensate (2:1) compound

CAS#: 68603-42-9
Chemical Name: Coconut Oil Acid/Diethanolamine Condensate (2:1)

Chemical Synonyms: Coconut diethanolamide; Amides, coco, N,N-bis(hydroxyethyl); Coconut oil acid diethanolamine; (Coco alkyl)diethanolamides; Cocoyl diethanolamide; Amides, coco, N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl); Coconut oil acid diethanolamine condensate; N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl) coconut oil amide; N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)cocoamide; N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)coconut fatty acid amide; N,N-Bis(hydroxyethyl coco amides; Coconut oil diethanolamide; Diethanolamine, coconut fatty acids condensate; Coconut oil acids, diethanolamine condensate; Coconut oil acids, diethanolamide

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Processing Aids and Additives
Coconut oil acid/diethanolamine condensate (2:1) is a chemical that functions as a corrosion inhibitor, surfactant foam booster and viscosity increasing agent, antimigration agent, antistatic agent, and foam stabilizer.

CAS#: 68953-58-2
Chemical Name: Quaternary Ammonium Compounds, bis(Hydrogenated Tallow Alkyl)Dimethyl, Salts with Bentonite

Chemical Synonyms: Quaternium-18 bentonite; Quaternary ammonium compounds, bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethyl, chlorides, reaction products with bentonite; Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethyl ammonium bentonite salts; Bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethylammonium bentonite; Dimethyl dihydrogenated tallow ammonium chloride reaction product with bentonite; Quaternary ammonium compounds, bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethyl-, chlorides; Di(tallow alkyl) dimethyl ammonium bentonite; Quaternary ammonium compounds, bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethyl, salts with bentonite

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Processing Aids and Additives
Quaternary ammonium compounds, bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethyl, salts with bentonite is a chemical that is used in coatings and paints, drilling muds, printing inks, cosmetics, and nanocomposites. It is also used in surfactants in hydraulic fracturing fluids.

n-Butanol compound

CAS#: 71-36-3
Chemical Name: n-Butanol

Chemical Synonyms: 1-Butanol; Butyl alcohol; n-Butyl alcohol; Butyl alcohol; Propyl carbinol; Butanol, 1-; n- Butan-1-ol; 1-Hydroxybutane; Butyl hydroxide; Propylmethanol; Butanolen; Butyric alcohol; Methylolpropane (ChemIDplus 2014)

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Processing Aids and Additives, Solvents
n-Butanol is a clear, colorless liquid that is flammable. It is classified as a primary alcohol and is used primarily as a chemical intermediate, as an ingredient in formulated products such as cosmetics, and as a solvent.
1. Solvent for paints, lacquers, varnishes, resins, gums, vegetable oils, dyes and alkaloids (HSDB 2010).
2. An intermediate in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and chemicals (HSDB 2010).
3. Employed in industries producing artificial leather, textiles, safety glass, rubber cement, shellac, raincoats, photographic films and perfumes (HSDB 2010).
4. Additives in beverages and foods (HSDB 2010).

Benzene compound

CAS#: 71-43-2
Chemical Name: Benzene

Chemical Synonyms: Benzol, Cyclohexatriene, Phene, Phenyl hydride; Benzole; Carbon oil; Mineral naphtha; Coal naphtha; Motor benzol (ChemIDPlus 2014)

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Oil & Gas Production, Processing Aids and Additives, Solvents
Benzene is a chemical that functions as a raw material and intermediate for chemical synthesis, a solvent, a gasoline additive, and a natural component of diesel fuel that is used as a solvent in hydraulic fracturing fluids. Identified from air monitoring of unconventional natural gas extraction

CAS#: 71011-24-0
Chemical Name: Quaternary Ammonium Compounds, Benzyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethyl, Salts with Bentonite

Chemical Synonyms: Dimethyl benzyl hydrogenated tallow ammonium chloride reaction product with bentonite; Hydrogenated tallow alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bentonite salts Quaternary ammonium compounds, benzyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethyl, chlorides, compds. with bentonite (ChemIDplus 2014)

Primary Applications: Processing Aids and Additives
Quaternary ammonium compounds, benzyl(hydrogenated tallow alkyl)dimethyl, salts with bentonite is a chemical that is used in coatings and paints, drilling muds, printing inks, cosmetics, and nanocomposites.

Acetaldehyde compound

CAS#: 75-07-0
Chemical Name: Acetaldehyde

Chemical Synonyms: Acetic aldehyde, Ethyl aldehyde, Acetic ethanol, Ethanal

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Processing Aids and Additives, Solvents
Identified from air monitoring of unconventional natural gas extraction; Acetaldehyde is a chemical that functions mainly as a chemical intermediate:
1. Intermediate in the synthesis of pentaerythritol (25% in the U.S.)
2. Intermediate in the synthesis of pyridine and substituted pyridines (25% in the US)
3. Intermediate in the production of perfumes, polyester resins, basic dyes and metaldehyde
4. Fruit and fish preservative
5. Denaturant in alcohol
6. In fuel compositions
7. Solvent in rubber, tanning and paper industries

Barium Sulfate compound

CAS#: 7727-43-7
Chemical Name: Barium Sulfate

Chemical Synonyms: Pigment white 21; Sulfuric acid, barium salt (1:1); CI 77120; Barium sulphate (ChemIDplus 2014)

Primary Applications: Colorants, Processing Aids and Additives
Barium sulfate is a chemical that is used to make drilling muds in the oil and gas industry, to make paints, bricks, tiles, glass, and rubber, as a chemical intermediate to prepare other barium compounds, to perform medical tests and x-rays, and as a color pigment.

Tri-o-cresyl Phosphate compound

CAS#: 78-30-8
Chemical Name: Tri-o-cresyl Phosphate

Chemical Synonyms: o-Tolyl phosphate; TOCP; Tris(o-cresyl)-phosphate; o-Trikresylphosphate; TOTP; Tris(o-methylphenyl)phosphate; Phosphoric acid, tri-o-tolyl ester; Phosphoric acid, tris(2-methylphenyl) ester; Tri-o-tolyl phosphate; Phosphoric acid, tris(2-methylphenyl) ester; Tri-ortho-cresylphosphate; Tricresyl phosphate; triorthocresyl phosphate (ChemIDplus 2014)

Primary Applications: Flame Retardants, Lubricants, Plasticizers, Processing Aids and Additives, Solvents
Functions as a plasticizer, flame retardant, lubricant, waterproofing agent, solvent, chemical intermediate and gasoline additive

Naphthalene compound

CAS#: 91-20-3
Chemical Name: Naphthalene

Chemical Synonyms: Antimite; naphthalin; naphthene, tar camphor (ECB, 2003)

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Oil & Gas Production, Processing Aids and Additives, Solvents
Hydraulic fracturing fluid additive; Numerous uses cited by ECB (2003) include chemical intermediate or reagent in the manufacturing of phthalic anhydride, azo dyes, naphthalene sulfonic acids (for the manufacture of plasticizers for concrete, ingredient in plasterboard, dispersants in synthetic and natural rubbers, and in tanning agents for leather industries), alkylated naphthalene solvents, and feed stock in numerous miscellaneous chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Also used in mothballs (as a moth repellant and insecticide), for pyrotechnics in the film industry (to make ignitable pellets for the generation of black smoke, or in a container with a charge to simulate an explosion), and in the manufacture of grinding wheels.

1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene compound

CAS#: 95-63-6
Chemical Name: 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene

Chemical Synonyms: 1,2,4-TMB; pseudocumene

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Processing Aids and Additives, Solvents
Hydraulic fracturing fluid additive