Methenamine is a chemical that is used in production of rubber and resins, as fuel in camping stoves, preservative in cosmetics and food, corrosion inhibitor in the steel industry, stabilizer and developer in the photo industry, fungicide for citrus trees, and antiseptic.
Tralopyril is an arylpyrrole biocide that acts by uncoupling mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. Its trade name is EconeaTM and is used mainly as antifoulant in paint for ships and other marine structures at use levels of 2.9% to 6% (U.S. EPA 2013, Pettit Paint 2014).
Triclosan is a nonionic diphenyl ether derivative. It is a broad spectrum antimicrobial used as an antiseptic, disinfectant or preservative in clinical settings, cosmetics, ousehold cleaning products, plastic materials, toys, paints, medical devices, textiles, kitchen utensils, and so on. In the European Union, 85% of the triclosan produced is used in personal care products, 10% in plastics and food contact materials, and 5% for textiles.
Formaldehyde is a chemical that functions as a fixative of biological specimens and as an embalming fluid; as a germicide and chemical intermediate; in the production of amino, polyacetal, urea-formaldehyde resins, and phenolic resins, plastics, wood products, fertilizers, and foam insulation; as a textile finish, stabilizer, preservative, disinfectant, and antibacterial food additive; as a reducing agent for the recovery of gold and silver, corrosion inhibitor in oil wells, durable-press treatment of textile fabrics, industrial sterilant, and treatment of grain smut; as a cross-linking agent for paper waterproofing, nickel-plating brightening agent, latex coagulant, crease-proof textile finishing agent, and photographic gelatin hardening agent; and in the manufacturing of particle board, plywood, and medium-density fiber board.
Hydraulic fracturing fluid additive; Wood preservative; Dazomet functions as an algaecide, bacteriostat, fungicide, microbiocide, and mildewcide. Specific applications include “1) treatment during the production of pulp and paper; 2) as a material preservative treatment for coatings, adhesives, epoxy flooring compounds, slurries, and high viscous suspensions; 3) as a biocide treatment used during petroleum operations; 4) as a biocide treatment to recirculating cooling water systems; and 5) as a remedial wood treatment to utility poles (EPA, 2008).”
Tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium sulfate (THPS) is a crystalline solid that is available commercially as a 75% concentrated aqueous solution. It is mainly used as biocide, in water treatment systems, oil field operations, and paper-making industry. In hydraulic fracturing fluids, it functions as a biocide that eliminates bacteria in the water that produces corrosive by-products.
Hydraulic fracturing fluid additive; ADBAC a registered pesticide with the U.S. EPA. Uses include algaecide, bactericide, bacteriostat, wood preservative, fungicide, fungistat, virucide, tuberculoside, insecticide, microbiocide, microbiostat, molluscicide, deodorant, disinfectant, and sanitizer in agricultural, food handling, commercial / institutional / industrial, residential and public access, and medical settings (EPA, 2006a).